Installing crown and other types of moulding is an easy upgrade that can give a classy, traditional look to your home and add to its value. A good miter saw, which can make crosscuts at various angles, and some patience make this a feasible do-it-yourself project.

Not up on your moulding lingo? Let’s start with the basics: Moulding is a strip or block of wood that has been machined at a mill into any of a variety of designs, dimensions, and styles. It is used as decorative trim.

Framing a doorway

Front doors are a natural place for mouldings. The decorative additions allow you to create a sense of grandeur for people entering the house. You can use mouldings around both the outside and inside of the door.

An architrave, or header, is the horizontal molding on the top of a door.

Two common styles of headers are Craftsman and fluted (grooved). A keystone, or an angled block, placed in the center of the heading would give your door an even more ornate feel. The sides of the door can also be trimmed with fluted or plain casings.

Interior doors can be dressed up with mouldings, too. A narrow moulding placed in rectangles gives a plain door a higher-class look. Wider mouldings along the door frame can add style to almost any room.

Injecting flair to upper walls or cabinets

Crown moulding can add flair to kitchen cabinets. It softens the transition from vertical wall to horizontal ceiling. Two or more shapes of mouldings or profiles can be combined to create an individual, distinctive look.

Cornice moldings project horizontally from a wall — ”cornice” comes from the Italian “cornice,” meaning “ledge.”


Adding distinction to lower walls

In the dining and living rooms, panel moulding and wainscoting are common wall treatments. Panel mouldings come in a variety of shapes and dimensions. Wainscoting is paneling that has evenly spaced vertical grooves. Both are applied to the lower portion of interior walls. Chair rail is moulding applied along the wall at the height a chair back would reach in a formal dining room, to protect the walls from being scraped.

Mouldings can be used to add detail to baseboards and around window and door casings. A plinth block is used where the baseboard meets a door casing. Mouldings are also helpful in older houses to cover gaps where the floor and wall do not meet or where a window jamb and the wall are not aligned.

Mouldings are a wonderful way to upgrade your home. Even if you need to hire a contractor for the installation, mouldings are still a relatively cost-effective way to infuse your home with style.


Come visit our showroom and select from our wide range of mouldings!

This month, our blog post covers a subject that is critical to anyone working with wood – the successful installation of millwork and doors, especially as it relates to moisture. This fact sheet should prove helpful. It’s text is below, but here is a PDF version for those who prefer it.

Wood Versus Moisture

Some of the most common quality issues seen in the millwork & door industry arise from the wood taking on too much moisture.

Wood is a hygroscopic material, meaning it absorbs and releases moisture as a result of the changes in relative humidity in its surrounding environment.

Wood is always undergoing slight changes in moisture content; however, normal seasonal changes in the moisture content within a properly controlled interior are not enough to cause serious dimensional change, if doors & millwork are properly cared for during the installation process.

Following a few simple guidelines will provide you and your customer the best opportunity for a successful, quality installation with fewer callbacks.

Keys to a Successful Installation

  • Site should be fully enclosed and protected from the elements.
  • HVAC must be up and running with the temperature maintained between 68 and 72 degrees. Relative humidity should be maintained between 30% & 45%.
  • Make sure that all “wet work” has been completed before delivering wood products to the job. Never store material in areas with newly poured concrete or in rooms that have been recently dry walled or plastered and never store material on fresh concrete , in the garage or basement .
  • All surfaces of doors must be properly sealed, including the top and bottom, to prevent the warranty against warp & twist from being void. Once the process of finishing a door has started, it is crucial that it is completely sealed without starting & stopping for extended periods of time.
  • Never install a pocket door prior to finishing. The average moisture content in framing material can range from 15% – 19%. An unfinished door which is installed and then pushed back into the wall opening, will absorb the moisture from the framing material, which will cause the door to warp and/or bow.
  • Always store doors flat or in an upright, vertical position. Never lean doors against a wall.

Sierra Pacific Windows is a third-generation family-owned company with 70 years of experience. Starting as a sawmill in Oregon, Sierra Pacific Industries has grown into the top 4 lumber producers in the United States.

Sierra Pacific owns 1.9 million acres of timberland and has made a special investment in their quality, which is offered to their customers. Operating with a vertically integrated supply chain – from seed cultivation to window delivery – is an extra commitment to exceed expectations, leaving nothing to chance. Congleton Lumber & Design Center is proud to partner with a company that’s dedicated not only to phenomenal windows, but one whose passion for their products is firmly rooted in how they do business.

We’re taking a look into Sierra Pacific Windows’ sustainability-based window offerings and highlighting what makes this company a leading manufacturer of new and replacement windows in 30 countries around the world.

What makes them different?

Vertical Integration and a commitment to sustainability

Sierra Pacific’s number one sellers are their high-quality wood products. They are unique in that they’ve dedicated themselves to carefully designing and executing a process that ensures the highest quality at every step in developing their premium windows. Here’s how they do it:

Each year they plant up to six million new trees across their ownership in California and Washington. Their wood is processed in 14 sawmills in the Pacific Northwest. Bark and fiber created from processing are used as boiler fuel and their eight cogeneration facilities produce more than enough power to operate their mills. Lumber produced at their sawmill are then converted into pieces for window and door components. Those milled pieces are assembled into world-class windows and

doors in one of their three manufacturing facilities. Sierra Pacific carefully controls the transportation of their products to ensure they arrive at their dealers, distributors and company stores across the nation.

Sierra Pacific manufactures not only wood windows, but also aluminum-clad wood, vinyl, and their own take on composite-clad windows.




Some of Sierra Pacific’s most popular wood options are Ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, and Alder.

The all-wood windows in Sierra Pacific’s collection are crafted with select grade wood interiors and exteriors. To protect the integrity of the wood, it’s treated and protected against moisture, rot, and insects with their patented, naturally organic CoreGuard Plus™. This formula penetrates wood to its core to repel water and prevent swelling. Tested in the Hawaiian rainforest, which mimics decades of residential exposure, Sierra Pacific Windows has developed a solution for elemental damage to wood windows. Their finishing can be color-customized to best fit your home.


Aluminum-Clad Wood

Warm, natural wood on the inside is protected against insects and moisture with CoreGuard Plus™. The wood interior is then protected with heavy-duty, extruded aluminum. Sierra Pacific’s aluminum is twice as thick as roll-form cladding and powder coated for industry-leading surface hardness, scratch resistance, and color retention.

Clad exteriors come in 75 powder-coated and anodized finish options, with custom color matching also available.



Nearly maintenance free construction and an attractive price point make vinyl a popular choice for homeowners. Sierra Pacific’s windows are made with heavy duty multi-chamber construction and plenty of premium options like painted exteriors, high-performance glazing, decorative glazing, grilles, and accessories like wide flat casing and brickmould.



H3® Fusion Technology™

A special composite-cladding, H3® Fusion Technology™ combines extruded aluminum, vinyl, and solid wood. Its patent-pending design and construction give it an industry-leading seal against the elements. The vinyl base frame offers superior rigidity, protection against rot, and greater resistance to air or water leaks, providing some of the best energy performance values of any modern window. Solid wood interiors are, of course, treated with organic CoreGuard Plus™ preservative and backed by warranties against wood rot.

On the outside, H3 exteriors are fully encased in heavy-duty, extruded aluminum cladding to resist scratches and provide color retention. The H3 is available in nearly limitless design options.



Sierra Pacific produces nine standard window designs, each with their own special-feature substyles to meet any design or functional need. In this final section, we’ll just highlight a few styles that are available in Sierra Pacific’s wood windows.

Wood windows are available in nine wood species and various trim, glazing and finish options available, each is hand customized. Lasting durability is ensured by CoreGuard Plus™.

Some of the window styles Sierra Pacific makes include:

Style: Awning with diamond grids


Style: Casement window with equal spacing grids


Style: Single/Double hung window with fractional grids


Sierra Pacific’s windows are a reliable, eco-friendly, and beautiful option for your new or replacement windows project. If you’d like to learn more about the selections available at Congleton Lumber & Design Center, reach out to our team at 859-254-2371.